Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is a natural phyto-cannabinoid (or plant-based chemical compound) found in cannabis plants, including hemp and marijuana. Unlike other cannabinoids — namely tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC — CBD does not produce any psychoactive effects, and will actually counteract these effects to a degree. CBD will induce feelings of sleepiness; for this reason, it can be an effective soporific for people who struggle to fall and/or remain asleep due to insomnia and other sleep disorders.
Drops (also referred to as tinctures) are the most popular way to take CBD oil. They are typically sold in glass bottles with a built-in dropper. The drops are placed under your tongue and held there for at least 60 seconds. This drop process allows the CBD to absorb sublingually into your bloodstream. Other popular ways to take CBD include vaping, gummies, capsules, and topical creams. How you take it is a personal decision based on your preferences. Many experienced users take multiple different products at the same time.
There are two possible exceptions to this. The first is that some people, for unknown reasons, just react differently to CBD. According to Dr. Chin, about 5% of people say they feel altered after taking CBD. "Usually they're the same people who have side effects from Advil or Tylenol," she says. You never know how your body will react to any new supplement, so when taking CBD for the first time, do so safely under supervision.
The tricky part is that there's some evidence suggesting CBD works best for pain when combined with a little THC, says Dr. Danesh. "Depending on what type of pain you have, you might be able to do just CBD, but sometimes you need CBD and THC." This makes accessing a product that will actually help you more difficult due to different regulations in each state. In New York, where Dr. Danesh practices, for example, CBD is available over the counter. But as soon as you add THC, you need a prescription.
There are very few known adverse side effects of CBD. According to this study, CBD is “a major non-psychotropic constituent of cannabis, has multiple pharmacological actions, including anxiolytic, antipsychotic, antiemetic, and anti-inflammatory properties. But if you are looking for a high from CBD, you will not get that because CBD has no psychoactive effects. Do speak with your physician if you are concerned about drug interactions.

CBD (short for cannabidiol) is one of at least 113 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. The popularity of CBD oil products continues to increase as more consumers learn about the potential health benefits. Anxiety, depression, chronic pain, inflammation, and insomnia are just a few of the conditions cited by users who are successfully using CBD products.
It’s fair to say that the CBD market is thriving. According to market intelligence company Hemp Business Journal, $130 million worth of products containing the cannabinoid were bought in the U.S. in 2016. And that figure is only set to rise in the years to come, the data analyst believes. Indeed, the source estimates that consumer sales of CBD goods will total an astounding $2.1 billion by 2020 – buoyed, perhaps, by claims that the usage of such products can help alleviate the symptoms of chronic pain, depression and diabetes, to name but a few conditions.
What exactly is cannabidiol (CBD) and more importantly, what does it do? Those questions and more are at the heart of this comprehensive guide to one of the most fascinating and important compounds of the cannabis plant. Cannabis plants are chemical powerhouses that produce more than 400 different compounds. Not all of those compounds are unique to marijuana, of course, and appear in many other species of plants. That’s why marijuana can smell like pine trees or taste like fresh lemons. But of those 400 compounds, more than 60 of them are totally specific to the plant genus Cannabis. Scientists call these special compounds “cannabinoids.” However, not all cannabinoids are created equal. One of them, cannabidiol, or CBD, holds the key to the wide variety of medicinal and therapeutic effects marijuana offers.
Transparency seems to be a priority at Green Roads, as the company’s website explains in detail the process by which its CBD oil is created and what it contains. Potential customers might also be reassured to find out that Green Roads products have been carefully compounded by a pharmacist with more than two decades of experience in the field. Meanwhile, to help ensure the quality of its products, the company regularly subjects its CBD oil to third-party lab tests, the results of which can be found online. Such stringency may, in turn, account for the highly positive reviews afforded to Green Roads’ most potent CBD oil tincture – a 1,500 mg concentrate. And for those wishing to branch out beyond that, the producer offers a range of similarly acclaimed edibles, including gummie-men and lollypops, as well as CBD oil-infused night-time syrups, capsules, tea and coffee.
According to the 4 Corners Cannabis website, co-owners Justin and Brian Jasiewicz have 30 years of cannabis growing experience between them. That expertise gives them the know-how, the company claims, to make sure that the entire production process of 4 Corners’ CBD oil is run correctly – all the way from field to store. And while that may result in products that are a little more expensive than equivalents on the market, there could be room for that to change if enough people lobby for lower prices; 4 Corners, for one, emphasizes that it “[listens] to the demands from [their] customers to better serve them in the future.” Meanwhile, the company makes picking the right product that little bit easier through its innovative labeling. This makes it plain at a glance for potential purchasers to see which of the 4 Corners range are designed to improve mental well-being and which, by contrast, are targeted at those with active lifestyles.
Aside from maybe only PureKana, CW Hemp is probably the most popular CBD brand in the U.S. – at least in terms of the amount of product that they sell. And indeed they make some great, highly effective tinctures, but the only reason I don’t have them ranked higher is simply because I think they’re a bit overrated – and overpriced. If you’re into name brand reputation and will feel more comfortable buying from an established company like CW, by all means don’t be afraid to spend the money and try them out – they certainly don’t lack for quality. I just think there are other brands out there that offer better overall value for the amount of money that you’re spending.  
Given CBD’s reputation as a popular, artisanal remedy, one would think that Epidiolex would command a lot of “off label” attention. After all, physicians often prescribe pharmaceuticals off label to treat conditions that were not the actual focus of clinical trials. But the costly price tag for Epidiolex (more than $30,000 annually) precludes off label prescribing as well as affordable access for tens of millions of Americans without health insurance.
Dr. Cohen has found that chronic conditions including autoimmune diseases and pain syndromes can be helped with a 6-mg under-the-tongue tincture (the fastest delivery system) or a 25-mg capsule taken twice a day. Dosages for topical products like lotions are especially hard to determine—there’s no clarity on how much CBD gets into the system through the skin.

Dry Mouth: As is the case with many other hemp- and marijuana-based products, CBD oil often leads to a condition known as dry mouth (or cottonmouth). This is likely due to cannabinoids altering receptors in the lower jaw that trigger salivation. In most cases, mild discomfort and stronger-than-average thirst are the only issues associated with dry mouth.
Even complete CBD novices should be thoroughly clued up on the compound and its effects after visiting the handy education section on Infinite CBD’s website. And for those who want to give CBD oil a try but don’t know where to start, there’s also a welcome chart breaking down the ways in which to consume the phytocannabinoid and the products most suited to each method. So, while Infinite CBD’s range may not be as extensive as those of other businesses of its kind, any such shortfall is more than made up for by the wealth of valuable information available to potential customers. What the company does offer, moreover, is good-value isolates – the strongest of which comes in at a powerful 5,000 mg – and capsules blended with caffeine and melatonin for day and night use, respectively. Meanwhile, people with muscle and joint problems might find relief from Infinite CBD’s “Freezing Point” cooling cream.
All of NuLeaf’s hemp plants are grown on licensed farms in Colorado using sustainable and 100% organic farming practices. Nuleaf’s CBD oils are made using whole plant extraction. That means the final product is a full-spectrum rather than CBD isolate. Moreover, NuLeaf doesn’t include any additives like preservatives, emulsifiers, or even flavors so the final product remains in its purest form.
The tricky part is that there's some evidence suggesting CBD works best for pain when combined with a little THC, says Dr. Danesh. "Depending on what type of pain you have, you might be able to do just CBD, but sometimes you need CBD and THC." This makes accessing a product that will actually help you more difficult due to different regulations in each state. In New York, where Dr. Danesh practices, for example, CBD is available over the counter. But as soon as you add THC, you need a prescription.
Lisa Hamilton, a jeweler and doula in Brooklyn, NY, knows about the side effects. She recently tried CBD for the shoulder pain that plagued her five years after an accident. Her doctor certified that she was in chronic pain, which under New York State law allowed her to buy from a state dispensary. One Friday, she swallowed two 10-mg capsules, the amount recommended at the dispensary, then took another two on Saturday. “By Sunday, it felt like I’d gotten hit by a truck. Every muscle and joint ached,” Hamilton says. She cut back to one pill a day the following week, but still felt hungover. She stopped after that.
Drops (also referred to as tinctures) are the most popular way to take CBD oil. They are typically sold in glass bottles with a built-in dropper. The drops are placed under your tongue and held there for at least 60 seconds. This drop process allows the CBD to absorb sublingually into your bloodstream. Other popular ways to take CBD include vaping, gummies, capsules, and topical creams. How you take it is a personal decision based on your preferences. Many experienced users take multiple different products at the same time.
DISCLOSURE: The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product.
Hemp-derived CBD oil products will not get you “high” since they contain little or no THC, the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. They are also now federally legal in the United States following the signing of the 2018 Farm Bill. More medical research studies are needed, but we expect that these products will continue to gain even more mainstream acceptance over time.
There are many scammers and multi-level marketing salespeople that use Facebook and other social media outlets to push a particular product. Many of them will tell you whatever you want to hear to get you to buy from them. Be wary of their claims and testimonials. It’s particularly important to buy CBD oil from a brand that makes third party lab reports readily available. This third party certification is the only way for you to truly know what is in the product.
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